About Prostate Cancer

Definition of prostate cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the prostate (a gland in the male reproductive system found below the bladder and in front of the rectum). Prostate cancer usually occurs in older men.¹ There are often no early prostate cancer symptoms, but some men have urinary symptoms and discomfort.²

Prostate cancer usually develops slowly, so there may be no signs that you have it for many years. Symptoms often only become apparent when your prostate is large enough to affect the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis). When this happens, you may notice things like an increased need to urinate, straining while urinating and a feeling your bladder has not fully emptied.³

However, these signs do not mean you have prostate cancer. It is more likely they are caused by something else, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (also known as BPH or prostate enlargement).³

Prostate cancer is probably the most enigmatic of the common solid malignancies. Second only to lung cancer as a killer of men beyond middle age, it warrants far more attention than it currently receives from governments, researchers and the general public worldwide.⁴

A number of new ways are becoming available to distinguish the aggressive cancers from the more indolent ones that may need no treatment. Treatment for prostate cancer itself is also evolving rapidly. It seems that age is the greatest risk factor, but race, family history, western-style diet and obesity also have an impact. ⁴


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⁴ Fast Facts: Prostate Cancer. Rogers S Kirby & Manish I Patel – Seventh Edition